APPEAL FROM THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS
White, McKenna, Holmes, Day, Hughes, Van Devanter, Lamar, Pitney, McReynolds
MR. JUSTICE McREYNOLDS delivered the opinion of the court.
Appellant was enjoined by the decree below from interfering with the operation of lines owned by the appellee company. The controversy arose under the act of Congress approved July 24, 1866 (14 Stat. 221, c. 230, Rev. Stat., § 5263, et seq.), which declares that companies accepting its provisions "shall have the right to construct, maintain, and operate lines of telegraph . . . over and along any of the military or post roads of the United States," provided they do not interfere with ordinary travel. Appellant insists that, as construed and applied below, the statute transcends the powers granted to Congress by the Constitution; and there is sufficient substance in the claim to give us jurisdiction.
The appellee was incorporated under the laws of Massachusetts, April 7, 1884. Immediately thereafter it filed with the Postmaster General a written acceptance of the restrictions and obligations prescribed by the act of July 24, 1866, and constructed lines of wires strung upon poles across the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and particularly along certain streets and roads in the Town of Essex. These have been continuously operated in connection, on the east, with cables reaching foreign countries, and, on the west, with wires leading to all parts of the Union; for a long time they have constituted an important part of the Postal Telegraph and Cable system; and over them pass great numbers of interstate and foreign
messages, many being transmitted for the United States under official regulations.
The especially pertinent provisions of the Massachusetts laws relating to companies incorporated for transmitting intelligence by electricity, in force during 1884 and long thereafter, appear in Public Statutes, chapter 109, §§ 2, 3, 15, and chapter 27, § 49, and are as follows:
"Each company may under the provisions of the following section construct lines of electric telegraph upon and along the highways and public roads, and across any waters within the Commonwealth, by the erection of the posts, piers, abutments, and other fixtures (except bridges) necessary to sustain the wires of its lines; but shall not incommode the public use of highways or public roads, nor endanger or interrupt the navigation of any waters."
"The Mayor and Aldermen or Selectmen of a place through which the lines of a company are to pass shall give the company a writing specifying where the posts may be located, the kind of posts and the height at which, and the places where, the wires may run. After the erection of the lines, having first given the company or its agents opportunity to be heard, they may direct any alteration in the location or erection of the posts, piers, or abutments, and in the height of the wires. Such specifications and decisions shall be recorded in the records of the city or town."
"No enjoyment by a person or corporation for any length of time of the privileges of having or maintaining telegraph posts, wires or apparatus in, upon, over or attached to any building or land of other persons, shall give a legal right to the continued enjoyment of such easements or raise any presumption of a grant thereof."
"The Selectmen of the town may empower citizens of Massachusetts to establish and maintain in such town posts, wires and other ...