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Johnson v. The Home Depot U.S.A., Inc.

United States District Court, District of Alaska

March 2, 2015

THE HOME DEPOT U.S.A., INC., Defendant.




This matter arises from an injury sustained by Plaintiff, Barbara Johnson, while shopping at Home Depot on June 3, 2011. The facts are relatively undisputed. Plaintiff was shopping and noticed a box containing a sink placed on the floor under the shelving. The box was marked “Kohler” and it had two handles cut into the end of the box. She squatted down and tried to pull the box out from under the shelf so she could examine the sink, and when she did the box tore and Plaintiff fell backwards onto the concrete floor. Docket 26 at 2-3. Plaintiff alleges injuries to her shoulder, back buttocks and hips from the fall. Id. She alleges that there were no signs or warnings on the box or the shelf under which the box had been placed, and therefore she had no warning regarding the weight of the box. Id.

Defendant now seeks summary judgment on the grounds that it did not breach a duty to Plaintiff. Docket 21 at 2. In the alternative, Defendant moves for partial summary judgment that the subject incident did not cause Plaintiff’s alleged ongoing hip injuries. Id.


Summary judgment is appropriate when the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with affidavits, if any, show there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c). The moving party bears the initial burden of proof for showing that no fact is in dispute. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 325 (1986). If the moving party meets that burden, then it falls upon the non-moving party to refute with facts that would indicate a genuine issue of fact for trial. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 250 (1986). Summary judgment is appropriate if the facts and allegations presented by a party are merely colorable, or are not significantly probative. Id., See also In re Lewis, 97 F.3d 1182, 1187 (9th Cir. 1996); Taylor v. List, 880 F.2d 1040, 1045 (9th Cir. 1995).


A. Placement of the Box

Home Depot argues that there is no precedent for a finding of liability because a retailer placed a heavy piece of merchandise on the floor and out of the aisle. Docket 21 at 4. Plaintiff argues that there are questions of fact regarding “whether Home Depot acted reasonably, ” precluding summary judgment. Docket 26 at 4. She suggests that Home Depot had actual or at least constructive notice that customers should be warned about attempting self-service on heavy items, based on prior litigation against Home Depot. Id.

Substantive Alaska law applies in this diversity matter.
In Alaska, “landowners have a duty to use due care to guard against unreasonable risks created by dangerous conditions existing on their property.” This approach strikes the proper balance of recognizing a duty but requiring specific factual findings to establish a breach of this duty. Plaintiffs must show that dangerous conditions existed on the property and that the property owner did not use due care to guard against unreasonable risks posed by these dangerous conditions.

Burnett v. Covell, 191 P.3d 985, 989 (Alaska, 2008)(internal footnote omitted). “The duty of due care is the duty to act with that amount of care which a reasonably prudent person would use under the same or similar circumstances.” Id. at 990. Furthermore, a “landowner or other owner of property must act as a reasonable person in maintaining his property in a reasonably safe condition in view of the circumstances, including the likelihood of injury to others, the seriousness of the injury, and the burden on the respective parties of avoiding the risk.” Id. (citation omitted).

Home Depot alleges that it elected to store the heavy sink on the floor so that it could not fall on a customer, and out of the aisle so that it would not pose a tripping hazard. Docket 29 at 3. Home Depot argues that the Plaintiff establishes no unreasonable conduct by Home Depot in its placement of the sink. Plaintiff, however, relies not only on the placement of the heavy item, but also on the failure of Home Depot to “warn its customers regarding items known to be heavy and dangerous to the customer.” Docket 26 at 4, citing Boutsis v. Home Depot, (Unpublished) 371 Fed.Appx. 142 (2nd Cir. 2010). In Boutsis, the 2nd Circuit reversed summary judgment in favor of Home Depot, finding that “[g]enuine issues of material fact exist as to whether Home Depot maintained a policy of warning customers to seek assistance before attempting to remove heavy ...

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